Effect of Molecular Weight on Spectroscopic and Spectroelectrochemical Properties of Regioregular Poly(3-hexylthiophene)
Miroslaw Trznadel , Adam Proń , Małgorzata Zagórska , Ryszard Chrzaszcz , Jan Pielichowski
AbstractUsing experimentally established sequence of extractions, we were able to fractionate regioregular poly(3-hexylthiophene) (R-P3HT) into four fractions differing significantly in their molecular weight (Mn) and exhibiting low polydispersity coefficients. 1H NMR analysis of low molecular fractions enabled us to propose the dominant chain termination mechanisms and identify the sources of regioregularity defects. In particular, it turned out that the presence of small amounts of undesired isomer of 2-bromo-3-hexylthiophene, namely, 2-bromo-4-hexylthiophene, strongly influences the molecular weight and to a much lesser extent the regioregularity of the polymer obtained via Grignard type polycondensation. In the reaction with the growing chain, 2-bromo-4-hexylthiophene either causes its termination, lowering in this manner the molecular weight of the resulting polymer, or introduces regioregularity defects of TT?HH (TT = tail to tail; HH = head to head) type. The average conjugation length in R-P3HT increases with the increase of Mn as manifested by a bathochromic shift of the ?max and the appearance of the vibrational structure in the UV?vis?near-IR spectra of the fractions of higher molecular weight. This conclusion is supported by FTIR data. The onset of the oxidative doping of R-P3HT shifts to lower potentials with the increase of the molecular weight as evidenced by cyclic voltammetry and UV?vis?near-IR spectroelectrochemistry.
|Journal series||Macromolecules, ISSN 0024-9297|
|Publication indicators||: 2006 = 4.277 (2) - 2007=4.533 (5)|
|Citation count*||257 (2018-01-27)|
* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.