W/steel joint fabrication using the pulse plasma sintering (PPS) method

Marcin Rosiński , Mirosław J. Kruszewski , Andrzej Michalski , Elżbieta Fortuna-Zaleśna , Łukasz Ciupiński , Krzysztof Kurzydłowski


The paper presents application of pulse plasma sintering method (PPS), developed at the Faculty of the Materials Science and Engineering of Warsaw University of Technology. Unlike other electric-field assisted sintering methods, the PPS method employs pulse high-current electric discharges for heating and activating the material to be sintered. The phenomena, taking place during the high-current pulses, which heat the powder during the PPS treatment and activate the sintering process, are similar to those occurring in SPS technique. However, in PPS, thanks to much higher energy the pulse discharge, these phenomena run much more intensively. The aim of the present study was to fabricate by the PPS a joint between tungsten and Eurofer 97 steel. Because of the large difference in thermal expansion coefficients of the joined materials, stresses are induced at the joint interfaces. To reduce these stresses a thin interlayer was incorporated between the joined materials. Four different materials were tested. The experiments allowed to establish the optimal PPS sintering parameters. It was shown that the interlayers between W and Eurofer 97 steel fabricated at 1000 °C for 10 min were highly dense and no delamination at joint interfaces occurred. The results of the thermocycle tests proved a high strength of the joints produced by PPS.
Author Marcin Rosiński ZMCP
Marcin Rosiński,,
- Division of Ceramic Materials and Polymers
, Mirosław J. Kruszewski
Mirosław J. Kruszewski,,
, Andrzej Michalski ZMCP
Andrzej Michalski,,
- Division of Ceramic Materials and Polymers
, Elżbieta Fortuna-Zaleśna
Elżbieta Fortuna-Zaleśna,,
, Łukasz Ciupiński
Łukasz Ciupiński,,
, Krzysztof Kurzydłowski ZPM
Krzysztof Kurzydłowski,,
- Division of Materials Design
Journal seriesFusion Engineering and Design, ISSN 0920-3796
Issue year2011
Keywords in EnglishEurofer97, joining, Pulse plasma sintering, Thermocycle test, Tungsten
URL http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0920379611000950
Score (nominal)25
Publication indicators WoS Impact Factor: 2011 = 1.49 (2) - 2011=1.328 (5)
Citation count*7 (2015-05-11)
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* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.