CFD simulations for safety of chemical reactors and storage tanks

Leszek Rudniak , Aleksandra Milewska , Eugeniusz Molga

Abstract

Two CFD models were formulated for the stirred tank reactor and the storage tank, respectively. With use of the elaborated models, for various thermal runaway scenarios, spatial distributions of liquid velocity, temperature, and key reactant concentration were determined as a function of time. Knowledge of temperature nonuniformity inside the reactor and storage tank vessels is particularly crucial for the appropriate location of temperature sensors, which assures a detection of thermal runaway as early as possible. The results obtained indicate that the CFD models can be very useful to elaborate efficient and robust methods for online early warning of runaway.
Author Leszek Rudniak (FCPE / DPKT)
Leszek Rudniak,,
- Department of Process Kinetics and Thermodynamics
, Aleksandra Milewska - [Institute of Power Engineering, Warszawa]
Aleksandra Milewska,,
-
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, Eugeniusz Molga (FCPE / DPKT)
Eugeniusz Molga,,
- Department of Process Kinetics and Thermodynamics
Journal seriesChemical Engineering and Technology, ISSN 0930-7516, (A 30 pkt)
Issue year2011
Vol34
No11
Pages1781-1789
Publication size in sheets0.5
Keywords in EnglishCFD modeling, exothermic reactions, heat and mass transfer, safety aspects
ASJC Classification2209 Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering; 1500 General Chemical Engineering; 1600 General Chemistry
DOIDOI:10.1002/ceat.201100128
URL http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/ceat.201100128/abstract
Languageen angielski
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Rudniak L. (i in.) - CFD simulations for....pdf 491.97 KB
Score (nominal)30
Score sourcejournalList
Publication indicators WoS Citations = 6; Scopus Citations = 8; Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2011 = 0.86; WoS Impact Factor: 2011 = 1.598 (2) - 2011=1.61 (5)
Citation count*5 (2016-05-12)
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* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.
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