Optimization of potassium dinitramide preparation

Tomasz Gołofit , Paweł Maksimowski , Ariel Biernacki

Abstract

The synthesis of potassium dinitramide (KDN), an intermediate in the ammonium dinitramide (ADN) synthesis, was optimized to reduce the costs of the ADN synthesis in order to facilitate competitiveness of this oxidizer with ammonium perchlorate (AP). The optimal conditions for the synthesis of KDN like feedstock molar ratio, nitration time, and temperature were determined. KDN was obtained in ca. 48 \% yield. The modifications introduced allowed to reduce feedstock consumption and energy intensity of the process.
Author Tomasz Gołofit (FC / DH-EM)
Tomasz Gołofit,,
- Department Of High-Energetic Materials
, Paweł Maksimowski (FC / DH-EM)
Paweł Maksimowski,,
- Department Of High-Energetic Materials
, Ariel Biernacki (FC / DH-EM)
Ariel Biernacki,,
- Department Of High-Energetic Materials
Journal seriesPropellants Explosives Pyrotechnics, ISSN 0721-3115
Issue year2013
Vol38
No2
Pages261-265
Publication size in sheets0.5
Keywords in EnglishADN ; ammonium dinitramide ; KDN ; potassium dinitramide
ASJC Classification1500 General Chemical Engineering; 1600 General Chemistry
DOIDOI:10.1002/prep.201100165
URL http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/prep.201100165/abstract
Languageen angielski
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propellantsexplosivespyrotechnics_2013_38_261.pdf 173.36 KB
Score (nominal)25
Score sourcejournalList
ScoreMinisterial score = 25.0, 01-02-2020, ArticleFromJournal
Ministerial score (2013-2016) = 25.0, 01-02-2020, ArticleFromJournal
Publication indicators Scopus Citations = 12; WoS Citations = 7; Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2014 = 1.556; WoS Impact Factor: 2013 = 1.497 (2) - 2013=1.663 (5)
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