Effect of citrate substitution by various α-hydroxycarboxylate anions on properties of gold nanoparticles synthesized by Turkevich method

Bartosz Bartosewicz , Kamil Bujno , Malwina Liszewska , Bogusław Budner , Piotr Bazarnik , Tomasz Płociński , Bartłomiej J. Jankiewicz


The Turkevich method, in which citrate reduces chloroauric acid, is one of the most popular and standard protocols for the synthesis of gold nanoparticles. Mechanistic studies for this reduction have shown that reducing and capping capabilities of citrate are associated with its structure and particularly with the hydroxyl group attached to the α-position of the carboxyl group. Hence, it should be possible to synthesize gold nanoparticles with similar characteristics upon substitution of citrate by the other α-hydroxycarboxylates. Various α-and β-hydroxycarboxylates have been used to investigate the effect of citrate substitution on reaction outcome. The shape, size distribution, stability and optical properties of gold nanoparticles were characterized by scanning and transmission electron microscopy, differential centrifugal sedimentation and UV–vis spectroscopy. The citrate can be substituted in the Turkevich method by other α-hydroxycarboxylates, however, their structure and the first product of their oxidation strongly influence shape, size and size distribution of synthesized gold nanoparticles. The α-position of the hydroxyl group with respect to the carboxyl group is critical for the reduction to occur. These comprehensive studies provide new insights into the reaction mechanism governing the Turkevich method.
Author Bartosz Bartosewicz - [Wojskowa Akademia Techniczna]
Bartosz Bartosewicz,,
, Kamil Bujno - [Wojskowa Akademia Techniczna]
Kamil Bujno,,
, Malwina Liszewska - [Wojskowa Akademia Techniczna]
Malwina Liszewska,,
, Bogusław Budner - [Wojskowa Akademia Techniczna]
Bogusław Budner,,
, Piotr Bazarnik (FMSE / DMD)
Piotr Bazarnik,,
- Division of Materials Design
, Tomasz Płociński (FMSE / DMD)
Tomasz Płociński,,
- Division of Materials Design
, Bartłomiej J. Jankiewicz - [Wojskowa Akademia Techniczna]
Bartłomiej J. Jankiewicz,,
Journal seriesColloids and Surfaces A-Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, ISSN 0927-7757, (A 30 pkt)
Issue year2018
Publication size in sheets0.5
Keywords in EnglishCitrate; Citrate method; Differential centrifugal sedimentation; Gold colloids; Gold nanoparticles; Turkevich method
ASJC Classification1505 Colloid and Surface Chemistry
URL https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85045071377&doi=10.1016%2fj.colsurfa.2018.03.073&partnerID=40&md5=5973b0eb35564b21fc7d81aa26f2828f
Languageen angielski
1-s2.0-S092777571830270X-main.pdf 2.83 MB
Score (nominal)30
ScoreMinisterial score = 30.0, 25-04-2019, ArticleFromJournal
Ministerial score (2013-2016) = 30.0, 11-03-2019, ArticleFromJournal
Publication indicators Scopus Citations = 2; WoS Citations = 2; Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2017 = 1.016; WoS Impact Factor: 2017 = 2.829 (2) - 2017=2.852 (5)
Citation count*3 (2019-06-03)
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* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.