Flow forming and heat-treatment of Inconel 718 cylinders
Piotr Maj , Piotr Błyskun , S. Kut , B. Romelczyk-Baishya , T. Mrugała , Bogusława Adamczyk-Cieślak , Jarosław Mizera
AbstractFlow forming is a metal processing technique that enables the fabrication of hollow axisymmetric parts with a good surface finish and high mechanical properties. Furthermore, the process enables flexible manufacturing of axisymmetric parts in one process step. In the last 20 years, the method has been significantly improved by CNC controls and stiffer constructions with advanced tooling. The technique seems very perspective from the viewpoint of the aviation industry due to its numerous advantages. The aim of the current study has been to analyze the mechanical properties of Inconel 718 after the flow forming process and heat treatment. Four hollow axisymmetric barrel shaped elements were manufactured using a SFC 800 V500 machine. The next step involved a standard aging heat treatment. That was followed by the materials being characterized for quality assessment. Mechanical tests and microstructure analysis were carried out before and after the heat treatment in order to achieve this. Additional profilometer scans were done to assess the surface finish of the obtained parts. The obtained material had mechanical properties exceeding those obtained by conventional processing. Cold formed elements had very high strength even up to 1600 MPa but very low elongation of up to 4%. The ultimate tensile strength decreased to 1500 MPa but the elongation significantly increased up to 20% by additional heat treatment. Furthermore, the surface parameters were at the level of fine sanding quality (Ra >3.2 μm). Additional tests were undertaken to identify the microstructure and surface parameters. The results prove that the strengthening effect is caused mainly by very fine γ” and δ precipitates which are evenly distributed throughout the material. This on the other hand was as a result of precipitates nucleation on the dislocations induced during cold metal forming.
|Journal series||Journal of Materials Processing Technology, ISSN 0924-0136|
|Publication size in sheets||0.5|
|Keywords in Polish||obróbka cieplna, Inconel 718|
|Score|| = 35.0, 20-12-2017, ArticleFromJournal|
= 40.0, 20-12-2017, ArticleFromJournal
|Publication indicators||: 2016 = 3.147 (2) - 2016=3.372 (5)|
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