Comparative study on coating CdSe nanocrystals with surfactants
Sławomir Oszwałdowski , K. P. Roberts
AbstractWe have synthesized CdSe nanocrystals (NCs) in sizes from 2.2 to 5.1 nm passivated with hydrophobic trioctylphosphine oxide (TOPO) in combination trioctylphosphine (TOP) or tributylphosphine (TBP) to obtain particles of the type CdSe/TOPO/TOP or CdSe/TOPO/TBP. These NCs were then dispersed in aqueous solution of ionic or non-ionic surfactants (such as stearate, oleic acid, Tween) using a biphase (water and chloroform or hexane) transfer method. It is found that both the structure of the surfactant and the native surface of the ligand govern the coating of the NCs with surfactants. More specifically, the hydrophobicity-hydrophilicity balance of the surfactant regulates the coating efficacy, thereby transferring the NC from the organic to the aqueous phase. The type of ligand on the NCs and the kind of coating surfactant also affect photoluminescence (PL). The ratio of PL and absorbance unit (defined as PL per 0.1 AU) was implemented as a tool to monitor changes in PL intensity and wavelength as a function of size, coatings and surface defects. Finally, the distribution of CdSe nanocrystals between pseudophases in cloud point extraction was discussed based on experimental results. It was concluded that the size of CdSe nanocrystal present in an appropriate pseudophase is correlated with the way in which the non-ionic surfactant coats CdSe nanocrystals.
|Journal series||Microchimica Acta, ISSN 0026-3672, [1436-5073]|
|Publication size in sheets||0.5|
|Keywords in English||Semiconductor nanocrystals, Surfactants, Dispersion, Optical spectra, Cloud-point extraction|
|Score|| = 30.0, 02-02-2020, ArticleFromJournal|
= 40.0, 02-02-2020, ArticleFromJournal
|Publication indicators||= 4; = 4; : 2014 = 1.035; : 2013 = 3.719 (2) - 2013=3.118 (5)|
|Citation count*||4 (2016-05-30)|
* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.