Emergency Reserve Generation Capacity: Investigation of Financing Options

Adam Rajewski , Grzegorz Niewiński


Every power system needs back up generation capacity for emergency response. Such capacity reserves may be provided in various ways, one of which is construction of dedicated emergency reserve power stations, as recently done in Estonia and now planned in Poland. However, acquisition of such a capacity in form of a dedicated plant requires considerable funds. While by its very nature backup capacity cannot be profitable as such, there are different ways in which a transmission system operator may obtain access to such capacity, even in conditions of unbundled energy markets, and also without paying for it upfront. This paper compares different methods for acquiring such emergency response capacity, including: construction and ownership of a dedicated power plant, equipment rental agreements, and an innovative concept of using backup power generation facilities of industrial energy consumers as a backup capacity for the power system, including discussion of necessary technical structure of such a solution.
Author Adam Rajewski (FPAE / IHE)
Adam Rajewski,,
- The Institute of Heat Engineering
, Grzegorz Niewiński (FPAE / IHE)
Grzegorz Niewiński,,
- The Institute of Heat Engineering
Publication size in sheets0.5
Book Stanek Wojciech, Czarnowska Lucyna, Kostowski, Wojciech, Gładysz Paweł (eds.): Proceedings of the 5th International Conference Contemporary Problems of Thermal Engineering. Energy Systems in the Near Future: Energy, Exergy and Economics, 2018, Institute of Thermal Technology, ISBN 978-83-61506-46-1, 1579 p.
Keywords in Englishemergency reserve power plants, power system reserves, power generation
Languageen angielski
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