Tyre-derived activated carbon – textural properties and modelling of adsorption equilibrium of n-hexane
Tomasz Piotr Kotkowski , Robert Cherbański , Eugeniusz Molga
AbstractThere is general agreement that primary pyrolysis products of end-of-life tyres should be valorised to improve the economics of pyrolysis. In this work, tyre pyrolysis char (TPC) is produced in a pyrolysis pilot plant designed and built at our home university. The produced TPC was upgraded to tyre-derived activated carbon (TDAC) by activation with CO2, and then characterised using stereological analysis (SA) and nitrogen adsorption at 77 K. SA showed that the grains of TPC and TDAC were quasi- spherical and slightly elongated with a 25% increase in the mean particle cross-section surface area for TDAC. The textural properties of TDAC demonstrated the BET and micropore surface areas of 259 and 70 m2/g, respectively. Micropore volume and micropore surface area were 5.8 and 6.7 times higher for TDAC than TPC at  2 nm, respectively. The n-hexane adsorption was investigated using experiments and modelling. Eight adsorption isotherms along with three error functions were tested to model the adsorption equilibrium. The optimum sets of isotherm parameters were chosen by comparing sum of the normalized errors. The analysis indicated that the Freundlich isotherm gave the best agreement with the equilibrium experiments. In relation to different activated carbons, the adsorption capacity of TDAC for n-hexane is about 16.2 times higher than that of the worst reference material and 4.3 times lower than that of the best reference material. In addition, stereological analysis showed that activation with CO2 did not change the grain’s shape factors. However, a 25% increase in the mean particle cross-section surface area for TDAC was observed.
|Journal series||Chemical and Process Engineering , [Inżynieria Chemiczna i Procesowa, Chemical and Process Engineering - Inzynieria Chemiczna i Procesowa, Inzynieria Chemiczna, Chemical and Process Engineering - Inżynieria Chemiczna i Procesowa], ISSN 0208-6425, e-ISSN 2300-1925, [0368-0878]|
|Publication size in sheets||0.95|
|Keywords in English||adsorption, n-hexane, tyre-derived activated carbon, Pyrolysis, tyres|
|Score||= 40.0, 07-08-2020, ArticleFromJournal|
|Publication indicators||= 0; : 2018 = 0.608; : 2018 = 0.759 (2) - 2018=0.822 (5)|
|Citation count*||1 (2020-08-27)|
* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.