Effects of selected nanoparticles on aquatic plants

Nina Doskocz , Monika Załęska-Radziwiłł , Katarzyna Anna Affek , Maria Lucyna Łebkowska

Abstract

This paper presents results of ecotoxicological assessment of nano-Al2O3 and nano-ZrO2 in relation to cyanobacteria, algae and higher plants. Bioindicators showed diverse sensitivity to nanocompounds. EC50 values were in the ranges: for nano-Al2O3 from 5.3 mg/L (Desmodesmus quadricauda) to 457.9 mg/L (Scenedesmus obliquus), for nano-ZrO2 from 19.6 mg/L (D. quadricauda) to 277 mg/L (Lemna minor). According to EU criteria, nano-Al2O3 proved to be toxic to D. quadricauda, harmful to Raphidocelis subcapitata and Microcystis aeruginosa and non-toxic for other species of algae and L. minor. Nano-ZrO2 was harmful to D. quadricauda and non-toxic to other tested species. Calculated predicted no effect concentration (PNEC) in the environment values were 0.0395 mg/L for nano-Al2O3 and 0.0416 mg/L for nano-ZrO2. The risk assessment, conducted on the basis of the predicted environmental concentration (PEC)/PNEC quotient, showed a low risk in relation to aquatic plants caused by the presence of nano- Al2O3 when PEC were calculated using the statistical extrapolation model of Aldenberg–Jaworska. Nanoparticles proved to be more toxic to tested bioindicators than their bulk counterparts. This indicates that the nano-form of a given substance may pose a greater hazard for the environment than the same substance in the large form.
Author Nina Doskocz (FEE / DB)
Nina Doskocz,,
- Department of Biology
, Monika Załęska-Radziwiłł (FEE / DB)
Monika Załęska-Radziwiłł,,
- Department of Biology
, Katarzyna Anna Affek (FEE / DB)
Katarzyna Anna Affek,,
- Department of Biology
, Maria Lucyna Łebkowska (FEE / DB)
Maria Lucyna Łebkowska,,
- Department of Biology
Journal seriesDesalination and Water Treatment, ISSN 1944-3994, (A 20 pkt)
Issue year2018
Vol177
Pages42-48
Publication size in sheets0.5
ConferenceMikrozanieczyszczenia w środowisku człowieka, XIII Konferencja Naukowa, 04-12-2017 - 06-12-2017, Czestochowa, Polska
Keywords in EnglishNanoparticles, Aluminium oxide, Zirconium oxide, Ecotoxicity, Aquatic plants, PNEC, Risk assessment
DOIDOI:10.5004/dwt.2018.22011
Languageen angielski
Score (nominal)20
ScoreMinisterial score = 20.0, 13-09-2018, ArticleFromJournal
Ministerial score (2013-2016) = 20.0, 13-09-2018, ArticleFromJournal
Publication indicators WoS Impact Factor: 2016 = 1.631 (2) - 2016=1.643 (5)
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